RED SEA in a Nutshell
The Red Sea is a popular dive area that has plentiful marine life. It is easily accessed from Europe and boasts warm water and generally great visiblility. The main tourists hubs are in the northern regions, but the crowds thin in the southern areas.
Intro to the Red Sea
Due to its high evaporation rate, miniscule rainfall, and relative geographical isolation, the Red Sea has one of the world's highest rates of salinity. These same conditions provide excellent diving weather; the Red Sea generally boasts 360 dive days per year, with cooler temperatures from October to May and summer conditions from June to September. The Red Sea has few river tributaries feeding into it, which means limited microalgae and excellent visibility.
The Red Sea is known for its prolific marine life, hosting over a thousand fish species, 20% of which exist exclusively in this body of water. Its very sunny conditions make it ideal for coral growth and indeed, over 200 soft and hard corals can be found in the extensive gardens lining the shallow shelves. Beyond these lively shallows, the median central trench dives to depths of over 7000 feet, supporting a water circulation system that supports a healthy marine environment.
The countries surrounding the Red Sea include Egypt, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. Most visitors, lured by the rich history and topside destinations such as Luxor and Cairo, travel through Egypt.
RED SEA Typical Dive
The Red Sea boasts excellent,easy shore diving out of Dahab and Sharm el-Sheikh. Sharm el-Sheikh is also home to many impressive dive sites which are easily reached on day trips from the city. Most divers choose to utilize scuba dive liveaboards, however, in order to avoid the crowds of the northern region and gain access to remote dive sites such as Brother Islands and Elphinstone Reef. Liveaboard itineraries are varied and generally span 7 days. The Red Sea hosts multiple wrecks including several WWII ships containing numerous artifacts.
Temperatures in the Red Sea reach 84 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer months, with temperatures as low as 70 degrees in the cooler months. Visibility is excellent, reaching up to 200 feet. There are drift dives available, but for the most part, the Red Sea maintains very calm conditions. There are sites to suit every diver from beginner to advanced.
The opportunities are endless; Explore the Valley of Kings in Luxor, take a camel ride to visit the pyramids, or spend a few days in the city of Alexandria - the second most powerful city in the ancient world (following Rome).